Finishing Techniques

We understand the important role that kitchen and bath cabinetry play in defining a home's personality. Research has shown that over 80% of purchases are made based on the color of these two important rooms. Having a large selection of colors and wood species available is essential in today's rapidly changing market. With the consumer's ability to experience different colors, wood species and textures through mediums such as the internet and magazines, the market place goes through “the in-thing” at an alarming rate. These trends naturally create an appetite for new colors very quickly. These rapid changes in style have forced all cabinet manufacturers to increase their selection of stain, paint and glaze colors and techniques on a larger selection of wood species than ever. Our collaboration with world-renowned color experts, including those with the Akzo Nobel Valspar group, give us a distinct advantage in this area. This knowledge, in turn, enables our customers to offer the most desirable products to the marketplace. Elias Woodwork's selection of products is constantly evolving and our design team is working hard at keeping up with the fast pace of change in today’s kitchen and bath industry. 

The following section is devoted to explaining the products, equipment and procedures used to achieve the top quality coatings that we are proud to offer. Elias Woodwork works hard to maintain the best quality and step-by-step procedures for all stains, paints, glazes and top coats and our goal is that you will notice the difference.

We are constantly driven to making our industry more sustainable. Our products are formulated to have a reduced impact on the environment without sacrificing performance and durability. Over-spray that occurs on the flat line spray machines is captured and remixed back into the system keeping waste to a minimum. 

 

          

Clear Coats

Elias Woodwork uses a 35° (degree) post catalyzed laquer (conversion varnish) as the standard sheen for clear finishes. Clear coats are applied onto the product by machine while lying horizontally to achieve a high solids, no sag, no run finish. It is then transferred directly into a flashoff oven. This oven has a controlled environment and temperature. The oven is key to preventing airborne particle contamination of the top coat. The result of this process is a clear coat that measures approximately 3.2 mils thick with very little to no airborne particle contamination.

Stains

Elias Woodwork offers a large range of standard stain colors on a large variety of wood species. Each of the stain colors has been chosen by industry experts and represents the latest trends in color and fashion. These finishes are applied in a variety of different ways. From traditional wipe-on stains and no-touch spray stains to multi-step combination stains. Each stain color and application technique is carefully developed in collaboration with the experts at Akzo Nobel Coatings. The chemists from Akzo Nobel are at the Elias Woodwork facility during stain development and testing. Together, we work to develop colors and techniques that your company will benefit from. Stains are carefully developed with the following principles: pleasing to the consumer, repeatable by our production department and economical for you. Elias Woodwork uses machines when applying stains wherever possible which helps maintain consistency and reduce application cost. To maintain consistency we keep two complete sets of color samples on file for reference. One of these sets of samples is safely stored outside of our spray facility and protected from the degrading effects of light. The other set is kept in the spray booth and is compared to all finished product, to help maintain color consistency. Elias Woodwork has dedicated full-time personnel whose job it is to study and maintain stain and color. These people understand things that impact the final color and things like lighting and wood species are carefully considered in the development stages. We carefully consider the different lighting sources in the development process so our stain colors will look correct in all lighting sources. We understand the importance of color and it will show. A 35° sheen top coat is standard on all stained products.

All of Elias Woodwork's standard stain colors can be purchased separately in one litre or four litre quantities. Touch up stain pens and fill sticks are also available in select colors.

Please ask your Customer Service Specialist for a complete stain sample set.

See available stain colors in our Inspiration Gallery here. 

Solid Colors (Painted)

Elias Woodwork offers a full solid color (i.e. paint) selection. The standard sheen of solid color finishes is 10°. The solid colors are machine sprayed and oven dried. The product is machine sprayed horizontally to achieve high solids, with a no-sag, no-run finish. It is then machine transferred directly into flash off ovens. These ovens are environment and heat controlled. The ovens are key to preventing airborne particle contamination from getting trapped in the top coats. The result of this process is a coat that measures approximately 3.2 mils thick with very little to no airborne particle contamination. Our glazes and different glaze techniques can be added to the solid colors, creating many different eye pleasing combinations. We have a standard solid color selection, please ask for a full sample color chain. Custom color formulations or matches are possible, please ask a Customer Service Specialist for more information. 

See our Solid Color Collection in the Inspiration Gallery.

Touch Up Kits

Elias Woodwork stocks touch up kits to match many of our most popular stain, paint, RTF and DLV colors. These kits are user friendly and can be very useful for quick repairs to put the finishing touch on your job. Both pens and putty sticks are available.

Touch Up Kit

Priming Only

When “prime only” is required the following should be expected:

Molding – Our standard procedure is to use a white primer and spray the face and edges of the molding only. The molding will not be scuff sanded after the primer has been applied. Please inquire if different specifications are required.

Raised panel cabinet doors – The MDF raised panel will be primed with white primer prior to assemble. The flat surface of the panel and the profiled edge of the panel will be scuff sanded prior to assembly of the door. Then the entire door will be primed with white primer. After this coat of primer has been applied the door is not scuff sanded. Please inquire if different specifications are required.

Recessed panel cabinet doors – MDF flat insert panels will be primed with white primer prior to assembly. Then the entire door will be primed with white primer. After this coat of primer has been applied the door is not scuff sanded. Please inquire if different specifications are required.

Miscellaneous Accessories – Most accessories can be primed. Our standard default primer color is white. After the primer has been applied the accessories are not scuff sanded. Please inquire if different specifications are required.

Sheen

Standard sheen (default for stained or clear coated products) = 35°
Low sheen (default for solid color lacquers i.e. paint) = 10° / Gloss sheen = 45°

Glazes

Elias Woodwork offers glaze finishes that can be used together with any of our clear, stained or painted finishes. Our standard glaze is a dry type and is applied using the old world techniques. We also work with wet glazes, and when used together with solid color paints, this creates a look from a different time (brushstroke glaze technique uses a wet glaze). Elias Woodwork personnel apply glazes by hand, let them dry and finish the technique by hand, leaving a glazed finish that give our new product an old look. We find there is no substitute to this age old hand process and no machine can duplicate a natural looking glaze finish. Every piece that you see is a piece of art; it is done by hand, adding to its unique look. Elias offers four different glazing techniques. Adding glaze to a beautifully finished cabinet door produces abundant opportunities. Glazes can be added to any type of finish: clear coat, stain or solid color. Please ask your Customer Service Specialist for more details.

See Samples of Glaze Colors and Techniques in the Inspiration Gallery.

Glaze Techniques Defined

Artisan Glaze
This technique produces straight, clean glaze lines. The glaze is sprayed onto the cabinet door, and then hand-rubbed off, remaining in the grooves and corners of the cabinet door. The part of the product that does not have glaze on it will be cleaned off entirely, giving a crisp and clean contrast between the glazed and non-glazed areas. (Elias code = “A”)

Image showing Artisan Licorice Glaze on Satin White
Artisan Licorice on Satin White
 
Feathered Glaze
This technique has a heavier build of glaze in the deeper grooves and fades off into the smooth flat areas. The Feathered technique allows for some  glaze to appear on the smooth surfaces but will be most concentrated in the grooves and corners of the doors. Most would agree that this look gives you a more “old” or “antiqued” look. (Elias code = “F”)

Image shows Feathered Mocha Glaze on Sandstone
Feathered Mocha on Sandstone
 
Brushstroke Glaze
This wet glaze does not dry instantly and can be “worked with” while wet for a short period of time. We manipulate the wet glaze with a brush, creating a “grain” direction on the surface of the door. This technique reproduces a look similar to a antique cabinet door, recreating the feeling of a home from another time. (Elias code = “B”)

Image shows Brushstroke Portabello Glaze on Cinder Gray
Brushstroke Portabello on Cinder Gray
 
Ceruse Glaze
This is a dry glaze that is sprayed on the whole door. The entire door is then wiped clean including the grooves leaving glaze only in the wood grain. We recommend only using quarter cut oak or a similar species wood species with deep grain for this method. (Elias code = “C”)

Image shows Ceruse Vanilla Glaze on Quarter Cut Red Oak with Dark Honey Stain
Ceruse Vanilla on Quarter Cut Red Oak with Dark Honey stain

Product Aging Techniques

Distressed-Stack_web

The art of producing a product that appears old and antique is a highly subjective topic. We work hard to create a piece of art out of every cabinet door while also trying to maintain uniformity throughout the entire kitchen. We understand that every kitchen needs to look naturally aged, creating the feeling of an old, quality made and timeless piece of furniture. Our goal is to create the appearance and feeling of quality made woodwork that was produced one hundred years ago, when handwork prevailed and longevity was paramount. The aging process is done by hand and carefully follows our proprietary process, insuring a systematic, consistent outcome. We have succeeded in creating a correctly aged door when you find yourself saying; “I wish these doors could talk because I am sure they have a story to tell.” Please read the following to help understand the differences in our techniques. 

Please note the following defaults with our aged cabinet doors.
All of our aging techniques are applied to solid wood, raised panel cabinet doors. Through research we have found the following Elias Woodwork profile closely represents the correct time period and compliments this aging process - Code = E500, 201(57.2 Style width), O (panel), B (outside edge). We always protect our products after aging with a 10° (low sheen) clear top coat. When an order includes parts and accessories such as moldings, corbels and valances we always apply the same aging technique to all of the parts to maintain a uniform appearance. We will not by default do the aging process to veneers or plywood products as this process generally will break through the veneers and make that product un-usable.

Default door used for Aged door with a 2 ¼” frame is called: NOBEL (E500, 201 (57.2), O, B)
Default door used for Aged door with a 3” frame is called: ROYAL (E500, 201 (76.2), O, B)

Default Wood Type for the Aging Process
Cherry or Alder are the recommended wood species when manufacturing cabinet doors and accessories for the aging process. Poplar can be substituted for Cherry or Alder when solid color paint is the chosen finish. Wood species such as Oak, Maple, Bamboo and Hickory are too dense and do not lend themselves to the aging process.

Aging Techniques Defined

Rub-Through involves some corners and edges getting sanded to create a tasteful yet slightly old look. As the name suggests, the sanding on this technique does not round the corners aggressively but only removes a minor amount of wood. Outside corners and raised panel corners of the cabinet doors are sanded off prior to the stain/paint process and then sanded again after the staining/painting process. Some of the sharper edges are sanded off after the stain/paint process to help create the look of heavy use. The finished product is clear coated to preserve the look and seal up the raw wood that was exposed in the sanding process. This creates a very elegant look while creating the feel of an old high-quality kitchen. The Rub-Through technique is least aggressive of our aging looks. (Elias code = “RT”)

Image shows Dark Espresso stain on Alder
RubThrough - Alder CC Dark Expresso
 
Antiquing involves some corners getting sanded down, either on the frame or on the raised panel if applicable. We also sand some areas of the inside profiles so they are rounded off to help create a used look. The Antiquing is done prior to staining/painting and also after staining/painting. By doing this sanding after the stain/ paint, it creates a slow transition from a stained/painted product to the raw wood; this then creates a naturally worn look. Antiquing can be used on our stained products and solid color “painted” products. After the Antiquing has been done for the final time the doors are clear coated to preserve the finish and protect any bare wood. The difference between Antiquing and Rub-Through is that Antiquing has more aggressively sanded corners. This creates a more rustic look. (Elias Code = “A”) 

Image shows Cafe stain on Alder
Antiquing - Alder CC Cafe
 
Distressing is defined as the process of applying various light dents, light cutting and some randomly placed “worm holes” in the door. This distressed characteristic is applied with custom made tools and is applied randomly to each piece. The distressing also dictates the occasional cutting on the outside edge of the door; this cut is sanded smooth to the touch and adds to the overall “distressed” look. The joints on the door frame may also be cut to emphasize a crack. (This is a non-structural crack, made for appearance only). The distressing is done prior to staining/painting. Once the distressing has been completed the doors are clear coated to preserve their appearance. This distressing can be used on our stained and solid color “painted” products. (Elias Code = “D”)

Image shows Sandstone lacquer on Yellow Poplar with Feathered Mocha Glaze
Distressed - Yellow Poplar - Sandstone
 
Distressing/Antiquing is defined as combination of Distressing and Antiquing, as per the definitions above, applied to each door. The Distressing/Antiquing process is applied both prior to and after the staining/painting process. By doing this the stain or paint “feathers” off from raw wood to finished product creating a naturally worn and well used look. The product is then clear coated to preserve the look. The Distressing/Antiquing can be used on our stained products and solid color “painted” products. (Elias Code = “DA”)

Image shows Cinnamon stain on Alder
D&A - Alder Cinnamon
 
Samples
To be sure of whether any of these finishes are the right appearance for you or your customer, please order samples before starting a project.